It will be several years before truly autonomous driving is possible. Until then, driving will be taken over step by step by systems in the vehicle. Manufacturers are currently developing vehicles that move automatically and are ultimately fully automated. But engineers and computers still have to overcome a number of technical hurdles, one of which is a stable and low-latency mobile network.
In the automotive industry, the development towards autonomous driving consists of five stages: assisted, semi automated, highly automated, fully automated, and autonomous. Assisted driving has been around for several years. Examples include cruise control, automatic distance control with adaptive cruise control, and automatic lane departure warning systems. In semi-automated driving, the car temporarily performs tasks itself. For example, it can simultaneously stay in the lane and brake or accelerate. Individual assisted driving systems are combined for this purpose. Semi-automated driving also includes automatic parking, which allows the driver to take his hands off the steering wheel for a short time. However, it is not yet possible to reach level 2 without a driver. A human must be able to monitor and correct the system.
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Step by step, cars are gradually evolving into self-driving vehicles. However, many technical features still need to be developed further and interlinked before autonomous driving can be achieved. For this purpose, car manufacturers need an integrated, digital ecosystem consisting of network infrastructure, cloud, and security.